Miks peaks teil olema oma Twitteri bot ja kuidas seda vähem kui 30 minutiga üles ehitada?

UUENDAMINE 20171102: Kuna see lugu postitati algselt 2017. aasta jaanuaris, on GitHubi hoidlas muutnud mõningaid asju, kui kavatsete jälgida, README.mdsoovitaksin salvestamiseks kasutada selle loo kõrval ka hoidlat igasugune segadus.

Twitteri robotid saavad teha palju muud, kui lihtsalt rämpspostiga trendid ja saavad kasutajaid järeleandmatult jälgida.

Võtke Twissti ISS-i hoiatuste bot, mis saadab teile otsesõnumi alati, kui teie asukohas on nähtav rahvusvaheline kosmosejaam (ISS).

Või avalike teenuste robotid, nagu näiteks maavärinarobot, mis säutsub Richteri skaala skaalal üle 5,0 maavärina.

Ja muidugi robot, mis säutsub luulet, poem.exe, koos robotiga, mis retweetib teie säutse, mis juhtumisi on ka Juhuslik Haiku.

Ma isiklikult kasutan roboti, et oma @ScottDevTweets kontot täiustada, meeldides ja uuesti tweetides huvi tundvaid teemasid.

Kogukonna väljakutse # 100DaysOfCode õnnitleb teid väljakutse # 100DaysOfCode käivitamisel ja uuesti, kui jõuate konkreetsete verstapostideni.

Samuti vastab see julgustusega, kui tuvastab negatiivse meeleolu (pettumust) säutsus, milles on räsimärk # 100DaysOfCode.

Üks küsimus, mida mulle tööintervjuudel üsna sageli esitatakse, on „mis teil tehnoloogiaga töötamisest kasu on?” Vastan alati, et „mulle meeldib aja säästmiseks automatiseerida korduvaid ülesandeid, et saaksin keskenduda muule. Mulle meeldib see saavutustunne, mis kaasneb sellega, kui olen ennast pisut säästnud. "

Minu @ScottDevTweets bot'i puhul on see tavaliselt avaja vestluseks teise inimesega, kes mind jälgib. Nii et bot saab vestluse algatada, siis saan jätkata sealt, kus bot pooleli jäi.

Seda silmas pidades on bot ainult sama eetiline kui inimene, kes selle programmeeris.

Kui teil on kahtlusi ehitatava roboti eetikas, vaadake botwiki eetika jaotist.

Niisiis, kas olete valmis alustama? OKEI. Teeme ära!

Kuidas ehitada Twitter Bott 30 minutiga

Kasutate twitraamatukogu Twitteri boti ehitamiseks. See meeldib ja säutsub uuesti, mida iganes määrate. Samuti vastab see teie jälgijatele valiku konserveeritud vastustega.

Enne kella alustamist peate seadistama mõned kontod, kui teil neid veel pole.

Mida vajate

  • Twitter
  • Pilv9 IDE
  • Heroku

1. samm: seadistage Twitteri rakendus

Looge kas uus Twitteri konto või kasutage uue Twitteri rakenduse loomiseks oma kontot.

Näiteks konfigureerin oma vana @DroidScott twitteri konto, et saaksite kaasa minna.

Enne kui klõpsate nupul Loo oma Twitteri rakendus, lisage kindlasti oma telefoninumber oma Twitteri kontole .

Nüüd peaksite olema jaotises „Rakenduste haldamine”, kus peate oma võtmed üles märkima. Teil peaksid olema juba saadaval oma „Consumer Key (API Key)” ja „Consumer Secret (API Secret)”.

Peate kerima lehe alaossa ja klõpsama nuppu Loo minu juurdepääsuluba, et saada juurdepääsuluba ja Juurdepääsumärgi saladus - võtke teadmiseks kõik neli neist, mida te roboti seadistamisel vajate.

2. samm: seadistage oma arenduskeskkond

Selle jaoks ma lihtsalt ütlen, et kasutage Cloud9, kuna saate mõne eelnevalt valmistatud Node.js keskkonnaga mõne minutiga käima saada.

Pange tähele, et kui otsustate mõnes piirkonnas selle loomisel kasutada Heroku ja / või Cloud9 IDE-d (nagu mina selles juhendis), palutakse teil nende kontode loomiseks anda krediitkaardi number.

Pange robot üles

Projekti puu kustutada näiteks projekti failid client, package.json, README.mdja server.jssa ei pea neid, võid jätta need sinna, kui sa soovid.

Uues keskkonnas Node.js c9 minge terminali ja sisestage:

git clone //github.com/spences10/twitter-bot-bootstrap

Projekti ülesehitus

Keskkonnaprojekti puu peaks välja nägema umbes selline:

Sõlmede sõltuvused

Enne roboti konfigureerimist peame sõltuvused installima, CD cd tw*liigub sellega projekti kausta, kuhu te :~/workspace/twitter-bot-bootstrap (master) $terminali sisestage:

npm install

See installib kõik package.jsonfailis loetletud sõltuvused .

Kui ilmneb tõrkeid, soovitan sõltuvused ükshaaval installida package.jsonfailist, kus on sama käsk ja lõpus paketi nimi:

Siin on näide dependencieson package,jsonfile:

"dependencies": { "dotenv": "^4.0.0", "twit": "^2.2.5", "unique-random-array": "^1.0.0", "unirest": "^0.5.1" }

Nende kõigi installimiseks käsk npm:

npm install --save dotenv twit unique-random-array unirest

WARNSelliste sõnumite saamine npm WARN package.json [email protected] No repository fieldei murra botti, nii et seda on ohutu ignoreerida.

Nüüd saate roboti konfigureerida. Terminalist sisestage:

npm init

See konfigureerib package.jsonfaili teie andmetega vastavalt soovile. Jätkake tagasitulekut, kui olete vaikimisi rahul.

Nüüd peate .envfaili lisama oma Twitteri võtmed . Sisestage lihtsalt võtmed nende vastavatele väljadele ja salvestage fail.

If you can not find the .env file in the file structure of your c9 project then you will need to enable the Show Hidden Filesoption. In the file view select the settings cog then tick the Show Hidden Files option if it is not already checked.

The SENTIMENT_KEY you can get a new API key at //market.mashape.com/vivekn/sentiment-3 your key is in the REQUEST EXAMPLE

Take a look at the gif, click the link, sign up for or sign into mashape, click on node in the right hand panel and select out your API key, it will be in the space highlighted ed> in the gif.

Add your API key to the .env file along with your Twitter API keys ?

Here you should add your Twitter account name, and how often you want the bot to run the retweet and favorite functions in minutes.

NOTE none of the .env items have quotes '' round them.
CONSUMER_KEY=Fw***********P9CONSUMER_SECRET=TD************CqACCESS_TOKEN=31**************UCACCESS_TOKEN_SECRET=r0************S2SENTIMENT_KEY=Gj************lFTWITTER_USERNAME=DroidScottTWITTER_RETWEET_RATE=5TWITTER_FAVORITE_RATE=5

You can then add some keywords into the strings.js file for what you want to search for as well as sub-queries.

When adding sub-query strings make sure you leave a space at the beginning of the string so ' handy tip' gets concatenated onto 'node.js' as node.js handy tip and not node.jshandy tip.

That should be it, go to the terminal and enter npm start you should get some output:

Check the Twitter account:

Step #3: Setting up Heroku

Cool, now we have a bot that we can test on our dev environment but we can’t leave it there, we’ll need to deploy it to Heroku.

If you haven’t done so already set up a Heroku account then select Create a new app from the dropdown box top right of your dashboard, in the next screen name the app it if you want, then click Create App.

You’ll be presented with your app dashboard and instructions for the deployment method.

Your app name should be displayed on the top of your dashboard, you’ll need this when logging in with the Heroku command line interface, which we’ll use to deploy your app.

Heroku CLI

We’re going to deploy initially via the Heroku Command Line Interface (CLI).

On your c9 environment terminal, log into Heroku [it should be installed by default]

heroku login

Enter your credentials:

cd twitter-bot-bootstrap git init heroku git:remote -a your-heroku-app-name

Deploy your application:

git add . git commit -am 'make it better' git push heroku master

You should get build output in the terminal:

Then check the output with:

heroku logs -t

All good? Cool! ?

Configuring Heroku variables

Now that we have our bot on Heroku we need to add environment variables to store our Twitter keys. This is because the .env file where we stored our keys is listed in the .gitignore file, which tells git not to upload that file to Heroku. It also makes it so if in the future we want to add our code to GitHub we don't have to worry about the .env file making our keys public, because the file will automatically be ignored.

All you need to do is go to the console of your Heroku app and select the ‘Settings’ sections and add in your Twitter keys from the .env file. Click the 'Reveal Config Vars' button and add in the variables with their corresponding values:

CONSUMER_KEYCONSUMER_SECRETACCESS_TOKENACCESS_TOKEN_SECRETSENTIMENT_KEY

Once you have the Heroku vars set up, take a look at the config.js file of this project. You are going to delete this line:

require('dotenv').config();

You’re now ready to deploy to Heroku again. Your console commands should look something like this:

$ git add .$ git commit -m 'add environment variables'$ git push heroku master

Then you can check the Heroku logs again with:

$ heroku logs -t

You should now have a bot you can leave to do its thing forever more, or until you decide you want to change the search criteria ?

Heroku deployment via GitHub

You can also deploy your app by connecting to GitHub and deploy automatically to Heroku each time your master branch is updated on GitHub, this is straight forward enough.

Go to the ‘Deploy’ dashboard on Heroku, select GitHub as the deployment method if you have connected your GitHub account to your Heroku account then you can search for the repository so if you forked this repo then you can just enter twitter-bot-bootstrap and Search you can then click the Connect button, you can then auto deploy from GitHub.

Heroku troubleshooting

What do you mean it crashed!?

Ok, I found that sometimes the worker is set as web and it crashes out, try setting the worker again with:

heroku ps:scale worker=0 heroku ps:scale worker=1

If that still crashes out then try setting the Resources on the Heroku dashboard, I found if you toggle between the web, heroku and worker it usually settles down. Basically you need to be set to the worker Dyno this is what causes the Error R10 (Boot timeout) crashes because it's trying to use one of the other resources when it should be using the worker Dyno.

Other useful Heroku commands I use:

heroku restart

By default you can only push your master branch if you are working on a development branch i.e. dev branch. If you want to test on Heroku, then you can use:

git push heroku dev:master

Handy tip

If you want to add this to your own GitHub repo and don’t want to share your API keys ? with the world then you should turn off tracking on the .env file. From the terminal enter this git command:

$ git update-index --assume-unchanged .env

I have added my most used git command I use in this gist

Wrapping up

Your Twitter bot should now be live. You can tinker with it and further configure it.

Here’s my repository if you’d like to fork it and contribute back using pull requests. Any contributions large or small — major features, bug-fixes, integration tests — are welcome, but will be thoroughly reviewed and discussed.

Acknowledgements

Credit for the inspiration for this should go to @amanhimself and his posts on creating your own twitter bot.

create-a-simple-twitter-bot-with-node-js

how-to-make-a-twitter-bot-with-nodejs

twitter-mctwitbot

awesome-twitter-bots

Other posts detailing useful Twitter bots.

www.brit.co/twitter-bots-to-follow

www.hongkiat.com/using-twitter-bots

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If you want to learn more about me, visit my blog, my Github, or tweet me @ScottDevTweets.

You can read other articles like this on my blog.